Get to the Bottom of How Refrigerators Work

Last Updated on February 14, 2023 by Jahangir

Every fridge is equipped to keep the food and beverages that you have stored in it refrigerated. Some refrigerators come with additional features as well, like the freezer section. The work refrigerator does not stop once the fridge is set. It constantly works to maintain the temperature of the food and drinks inside the fridge, preventing them from spoiling or becoming room temperature. In this blog, we’ll discuss refrigeration and the refrigerant gases used in refrigeration in a bid to get an understanding of how refrigeration systems work and why fridges are a must-have for every household. We’ll also cover tips and tricks on fridge maintenance that you can follow to ensure your refrigerator functions optimally.

How to refrigerators work A more in-depth explanation

The Basics of Refrigeration

Refrigeration is the process of removing the heat from a system so that the temperature remains constant. In refrigeration, the refrigerant gas is compressed and passed through heat exchanging pipes which causes the cooling of the refrigerant. The refrigerant then passes through a condenser which causes the gas to get converted into a liquid form. The refrigerant then reaches the expansion valve, where there is a drastic decrease in pressure which causes the refrigerant to expand and evaporate. This further decreases the temperature. The evaporator absorbs the heat from the food and the air in refrigerator which keeps the food cool.

Refrigerants and Their Role in Cooling

Refrigerants are chemicals that work to cool a refrigerator. They are used in the cooling process of a refrigerator, and the refrigerant gas is compressed by the compressor. The pressure of the refrigerant gas is then dispersed by coils on the back of the refrigerator. This liquid refrigerant evaporates and absorbs the heat from the refrigerator, which helps to keep food fresh and bacteria-free.

How Does Heat Transfer Work?

Refrigerators use a closed system of refrigerant traveling in coils throughout the fridge. This refrigerant is the part of the cycle that carries the heat from the hot air to the colder air. The refrigerant absorbs the heat from the hot air and carries it away, thereby cooling the air inside the fridge. The gas then passes through the heat-exchanging coils and causes a cooling effect. This process is called evaporative cooling. Finally, the refrigerant passes via the condenser and gets converted into liquid form since the temperatures keep reducing while the pressure is not affected.

The refrigerant then evaporates and returns to the compressor to continue the cycle. In this way, refrigeration happens inside a fridge without any help of electricity or other external energy sources.

Get to the bottom of how refrigerators work with a critical eye and a scientific mind, and you’ll be able to understand how these appliances work, what makes them so efficient, and why they’re such a vital part of our everyday lives.

The Components of a Refrigerator

The main components of a refrigerator are the compressor, heat exchanging pipes, condenser, expansion valve and evaporator. These components work together to ensure the refrigeration of the food items.

– The compressor is the part of the refrigerator that gets the refrigerant from the source (i.e. the gas cylinder) and compresses it to a high pressure for refrigeration.

– The evaporator is the part of the refrigerator that absorbs the heat from the refrigerant, converts it into a liquid form and evaporates it.

– The evaporator also ensures that there is no condensation on the inside of the refrigerator. This prevents any formation of ice on the fridge’s coils and makes the fridge work efficiently.

– The condenser is used in the refrigeration process and draws in outside air through an inlet and condenses it back into a gas form for refrigeration cycle to start again. This part also keeps the fridge cold and helps to preserve the food’s freshness.

– The expansion valve regulates the pressure of refrigerant gas when there is a drastic decrease in pressure as required during evaporation process, ensuring smooth functioning of refrigeration system.

– Finally, the evaporator is used to absorb heat from refrigerant gas and convert it into a liquid form for evaporation process to take place smoothly. It also ensures that no condensation forms on the inside of refrigerator which prevents any formation of ice on fridge coils and keeps fridge at optimal temperature for longer time period.

The Cooling Cycle Explained

Refrigerators work by using a cooling cycle that is controlled by a relay and either a defrost timer or thermostat. This cooling cycle is based on the evaporator coils in the freezer compartment drawing heat from the freezer compartment and circulating it through the refrigerator. The compressor draws in cold liquid refrigerant and condenses it, raising the temperature and turning it into a gas. The cooled liquid then travels to the evaporator, absorbing the heated air and lowering the temperature back to the set point.

What to Look for in a New Fridge

– When the refrigerator is turned on, the compressor kicks in and the refrigerant gas is compressed to a high pressure.

– The refrigerant is then transferred from the compressor to the condenser by means of the heat exchanging pipes.

– The refrigerant evaporates in the condenser, decreasing its temperature.

– The refrigerant passes through the expansion valve which causes it to expand, evaporating even more liquid refrigerant.

– This process of evaporation and expansion continues until there is nothing left but a gas with a low temperature.

– The evaporator absorbs the heat from the food and air in the refrigerator, keeping the food cool.

This is how refrigerators work! Looking for a new fridge can be an exciting experience but it’s important to consider the features that matter most to you when choosing the perfect appliance for your home.

Tips for Maintaining Your Fridge

– Homeowners should regularly check the condition of their refrigerator and ensure the fridge is working properly. Home refrigeration relies on a set of components to work, including the compressor, condenser coils, evaporator and door seals.

– It’s vital to regularly clean the refrigerator and check the door seals for any signs of damage, defrost the fridge as needed, and replace air filters when they become dirty.

– Refrigerant must also move through the fridge system in order to function properly. Home owners should keep an eye on the level of refrigerant in the fridge and make sure it stays consistent.

What Could Go Wrong?

-Common problems with refrigerators include leaking water and malfunctioning components.

– Refrigerator life expectancy is heavily reliant on the type and quality of the appliance and how well it is maintained.

– Maintaining the refrigerator to ensure it lasts longer and runs efficiently involves ensuring the door seals are airtight, the compressor is clean, the coils are free of dust, the temperature settings are correct, and the door is properly closed.

– It is important to check the fridge for any burnt-out lights or faulty indicators, as these could lead to the fridge not cooling properly.

– If the fridge stops working altogether, it’s important to carefully unplug it before cleaning it out and checking for broken parts.

Get the Most Out of Your Fridge

Refrigerators work by using refrigerant gas to compress and depressurise the refrigerant, which in turn causes the refrigerant gas to evaporate. This process creates a cool environment inside the fridge and helps to keep food fresh and chilled. Refrigerators use the second law of thermodynamics to do this – by absorbing heat from food and the air inside the fridge, it is able to keep them cool. The evaporator also absorbs the heat from the fridge itself, cooling the food inside.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between a refrigerator and a freezer?

A refrigerator is a appliance used to store food at a relatively low temperature, typically between 0°C (32°F) and 18°C (0°F). This is in contrast to the freezer, which stores food at a much higher temperature (-18°C or 0°F).

A refrigerator compartment is typically separate from the area where the fridge absorbs the heat from the surrounding air to keep the food cold. In contrast, the freezer compartment is compressed to release heat.

This heat is then used to lower the temperature of the food inside.

How do refrigerators work?

Coolant gas is compressed to a high pressure and then passed through heat exchanging pipes where it loses heat. This liquid refrigerant form is then cooled by the expansion valve and evaporates. The evaporator absorbs the heat from the food and the air in the refrigerator, and the refrigerator will work properly as a result.

Why is it important to clean my refrigerator regularly?

Cleaning your refrigerator regularly is important for two main reasons.

1. Improperly cleaned refrigerators can increase the risk of food spoilage due to bacteria and mold growth. By regularly cleaning the fridge, you can prevent the growth of harmful microorganisms that can cause food spoilage.

2. Regular cleaning helps maintain the proper airflow and gasket seal, which is necessary for the refrigerator to run efficiently. This helps to keep the temperature consistent and prevent food safety breaches.

3. Cleaning the refrigerator can help reduce the risk of appliance failure and the need for costly repairs. By keeping the fridge clean, the coils will not frost over and the fridge will work more efficiently.

What are some tips for choosing the right refrigerator for my needs?

When choosing the right refrigerator for your needs, it’s important to consider the size and capacity of the fridge, the features and design you need, as well as energy efficiency ratings. Additionally, research maintenance and lifespan of the refrigerator before making a purchase. Lastly, compare prices and warranty policies of different models to find the best deal for you.

What’s Behind That Annoying Fridge Noise?


Refrigerators are the lifeblood of the food industry. They keep food cold and fresh, preventing it from going bad. A refrigerator is a machine that uses refrigerants to cool the air inside it. The refrigerant circulates the air and removes heat. This process prevents the air from becoming hot and humid, which would cause the food inside the fridge to spoil. In this blog, we will be discussing the basics of refrigeration, how it works, the different types of refrigeration, the cooling cycle, fridge maintenance tips, and more. So why wait? Get in touch with us today to learn more!